Small Tree – Snowy Mespilus or Juneberry (amelanchier Lamarckii)

The bed nearest our house is filled with woodland plants: clipped box, textured ferns, billowing Japanese forest grass, white foxgloves and irises. It is very close to the house and can be viewed close up from the dining room kitchen glazed doors. It is very beautiful with its textural quality and cool calm sophistication and enjoyable to watch as the seasons change. However, there was always a sense that it was a bit bare – something missing. It really needed a canopy of foliage and some trunks, but being so close to the house it wasn’t obvious what the right shrub or tree should be.

SNOWY MESPILUS (AMELANCHIER LAMARCKII) semi-mature multi-stem specimen in 80L pot, soon after delivery

After a good deal of searching online I alighted on the Snowy mespilus (Amelanchier lamarkii) also known as Juneberry, Serviceberry, Sarvistree, Shadbush, Swamp sugar pear, Current tree, Indian pear, Saskatoon berry, Canadian medlar and in Germany the Rock pear.

The Snowy mespilus is a large-shrub or small tree originating in North America, but naturalised in Europe and widely planted the world over. It is available as a standard with a clean straight trunk, but I wanted a multi-stemmed specimen with more angular stems.

It seemed to have many of the characteristics I was looking for along with brilliant autumn and spring colour, white flowers, and fruit. The photo above shows it 3 months after planting with the berries on show.

What has always been missing in this part of the garden is the woodland canopy. Not just a ceiling of leaves to create dappled shade, but the bare stems rising from the underplanting. This year I remedied the omission by adding a semi-mature tree. the problem was to find just the right one. It needed to be something with enough instant impact, but also slow growing and ultimately controllable – especially as I would be planting it within 3m (10ft) of the foundations of our extension.

I found a source online: Paramount Plants who had an end of winter sale (40% off) and a nice range of large containerised trees. You could even select the exact one you wanted as each had its own 360 degree video! I always mull things over, but when I looked again a week later there was only one left! I placed the order there and then: £344 including delivery. It arrived a few weeks later, in early March.

After digging a large hole the tree was eased into place (which was quite a task as the rootball was very heavy); it was then rotated, tilted a little this way and that, and examined from several major viewpoints to make sure it looked good from every angle. It was then backfilled and watered thoroughly. An initial prune removed crossing branches and sharpened up its outline. The result was delightful…

Soon after planting – APRIL 2019

The Snowy mespilus starts the year in late March/early April by breaking out in fine downy buds. These are white with a pink-coppery tinge to the stems: Very beautiful to see so early in the year, and definitely ‘snowy’ as the tree’s common name indicates.

Emerging buds – April 2nd 2019

Here it is in flower a week later. The flowers are individually small (about 4cm across) with five pure white petals and yellow stamens in the centre which attract early bees. Emerging just behind them are the juvenile leaves which have a distinctly coppery-brown colour.

In full flower in the early morning sunshine – April 11th

The flowers are particularly luminous in the early evening, really shining in the gloaming and later in the moonlight.

The pure white petals seem to glow in the low-light after sunset

As April proceeds the flowers gradually go over to be replaced by the unfolding foliage. The coloration turning from white to copper as it goes. The young foliage is translucent and looks beautiful with the sunlight behind it int he morning light.

By April 20th the leaves are getting greener – still with a coppery tinge – and the berries are starting to grow.

By mid April (see above) I had mulched the surface around the base of the tree and planted some dwarf mundo grass (Ophiopogon japonicus ‘Nippon’), which in time will form a little carpet of evergreen grassy foliage. It is very slow growing, but I have seen large clumps looking glorious. Being short and shade tolerant they will hopefully help show off the grey stems of the Snowy mespilus without obscuring it, even in winter.

The ferns, iris and Japanese forest grass (Hakonechloa) are only just getting going, so the Snowy Mespilus has definitely extended the season of interest of this bed by several weeks.

MAy 2019

By mid-May the copper colours of spring had given way to a calm green. The two photos below show how the tree makes a good division between the house and the small sitting area near the greenhouse. The foliage is quite open producing a dappled shade — ideal for the woodland plants below, and for the Lonicera hedge behind it. I will prune it annually to limit its growth, but this year nothing needs doing except enjoying it.

Amelanchia - a perfect small garden tree - shown here in a back garden near the house

June 2019

Another common name of Amelanchier lamarkii is Juneberry, and indeed the berries ripen in June, gradually turning dark red before going nearly black. These little fruits are edible and have a mild apple flavour, which accounts for one of the other names of this species: Apple Serviceberry.

Amelanchier lamarkii in fruit, June 18th 2019
The berries are rich reds turning plumish-black. The foliage is fresh, healthy and translucent. The pinkish colourations of the fine stems seems to be present in every part of the plant. June 18th 2019
Young blackbirds and wood pigeons have been feasting on the June berries. (Photographed through glass)

This page will be updated in the future to show a full season of this delightful little tree.


The birds stripped the berries from the Amelanchier in a matter of days! But the tree went on to look beautiful all summer: fresh green and delightful.

Striking early autumn colour of the Amelanchier is well under way. The Japanese forest grass is just turning yellow too. (October 15th 2019)

At the beginning of October — earlier than I expected — it began to show autumn colouration: at first, just tinges of copper, but quickly becoming more orange, then red. Here it is mid-month:

This close-up of the foliage shows the vivid colouration and pretty veining of the leaves. Amelanchier is known for its reliable autumn colour, which is all the more impressive for starting so early and not requiring a frost to kick-start the change.

UPDATE: 2020

Flowering well in April 2020

After a great start to its second year (lots of flowers and berries again) the Amelanchier has proved to be the perfect small tree for this bed.

As you can see in the photo below, it really sets the scene for the shade-loving plants beneath it:

Looking fabulous in May 2020

By mid-summer, though, I became concerned as leaves took on autumn tints and started to fall. I actually thought it might be dying.

By late July it had lost half or more of its leaves, but it then stabilised. I made a few enquiries and a number of possibilities came to light:

  1. It had been a very dry spring. In fact, throughout the first COVID lockdown from Late March until June, we had months of almost unbroken sun with hardly any rain. Although I had watered the bed, perhaps the tree was suffering heat/drought stress.
  2. When delivered, the tree was in a very large pot, with a rootball nearly 2ft deep. Planting it in a clay soil, many of the lower roots would have suddenly found themselves in cold, wet, clammy clay – waterlogged fro most of the winter. Trees develop roots as they grow to suit the soil they find themselves in. Grown in a pot they have near perfect drainage and aeration — conditions that are naturally found only in the top 6 to 12 inches of most soils. After planting, it is quite possible that this tree has had to jettison many of its lower roots, and develop a wider, shallower network to replace them.

Whatever the reason, it seems to have got through. Here it is in early autumn, still clinging to the remaining foliage which it kept from July until November.

October 2020 Early autumn colours on a rainy day

UPDATE: 2021

April 2021 – the tree bursts back into life with a beautiful show of flowers

The Amelanchier kicked off the year with a glorious display of flowers. I particularly like this view with the dark green hedge behind it showing off its handsome grey stems and flowers so clearly.

Below is a gallery showing the succession of flowers, new leaves and berries over the next six weeks (April 2021 to early May 2021). Click to view larger:

UPDATE: 2024

29 thoughts on “Small Tree – Snowy Mespilus or Juneberry (amelanchier Lamarckii)”

  1. Thanks for the article! I’ve wanted an Amelanchier Lamarckii in my garden for a couple of years now and this year I’ve finally decided to go for it. I’ve checked for affordable examples locally without luck and have been in touch with a few companies online, who have either shown me pictures of pretty tatty looking specimens or have piled on unforeseen charges at the checkout. Inspired by your experience, and your inspirational photographs, I checked out Paramount Plants and I’ve just pulled the trigger on one of a very similar size and shape to yours. I hope mine brings me just as much pleasure as yours clearly does you.

    • Hi Jonathan, thanks for stopping by and leaving your thoughts.

      Great to hear you found a reliable source. Hopefully it will settle in well.

      One thing I learned is to water it frequently in the first couple of years – not to drowned it, but to ensure it does not dry out in the top 6 to 12 inches (especially in summer). When you plant a tree with a large root ball, the roots at the bottom often die off. They were accustomed to being in a free draining pot then suddenly they are buried in the bottom of a pit (clay in my case) where they remain waterlogged for much of the year. The plant will eventually adapt but will rely on the shallower roots for a number of years. It may drop leaves prematurely in the summer, and may not put on much growth while it adjusts. Regular light watering and mulching will probably help.

      • Thanks, Keir! Great tips there. I wonder if I should put something free draining at the bottom of the planting hole. While we’re not on clay here, the soil can get quite claggy and water logged over autumn and winter.

        • Often, improving the surrounding soil rather than the bottom of the hole is better. In the worst case (heavy clay) digging deeper only improves drainage if it is deep enough to break through to a new, permeable strata. In my garden, that’s over 8ft down! Rubble or gravel drainage is ineffective and just sits there like rocks at the bottom of a pond (Of course in your soil it might be better)

          Digging a wider hole and improving the drainage of the surrounding soil will reduce pooling, and help the tree grow more horizontal roots into non-waterlogged soil.

  2. By the way, I’d love to see an update on your tree this year, if you have the time. I hope the tree I’m sent has a similar structure to yours (the multiple stems coming out from a single one), but I guess it’s the luck of the draw. I’ve obviously ordered a multi stem, but they can vary so much in terms of how many stems exit the soil.

  3. Love your photos and advice, I bought an Amelanchier last month 80L from the Dingle Nursery in Welshpool. Not long after it was planted looked very unhappy so put back in the pot and it’s now looking much healthier but puzzling now where to plant it because it’s obvious it didn’t like where we planted it, I think not enough sun and also not enough water even though watered regularly

    • I think it is inherently stressful for older trees that have been raised in pots. Their roots have adapted to conditions that are quite different to those found in the ground (e.g. oxygen levels, drainage etc). My guess is that the tree needs several years once planted (assuming it survives) to grow a new set of roots adapted to the new ground.

  4. I had been looking into these trees when I came across your article. It was so helpful to see the specimen in a ‘real’ garden and highlighting the seasons with photos. Expanding on your personal experience/knowledge of this tree was much appreciated. Thank you.

    • That’s great to hear. It’s exactly why I write this blog, so that I can share my real-life experience. Personally, I always want to hear from real gardeners (rather than encyclopaedia or commercial articles) when I’m researching gardening topics.

  5. Thanks, Keir, for such a helpful blog. By the way, what was its height when you bought it? I was thinking that maybe, since my garden has heavy clay soil, I should get a younger, shorter version, to spare it the stress & shock a more mature tree will inevitably experience.

    • Thanks Tess. When we bought it, it was about 7ft tall and 5ft across. It has been quite a slow grower which suits us fine. I think a smaller/younger plant might get established quicker and soon catch up, but don’t quote me on that!

      Hope that helps.

  6. Hi Keir,

    Such a lovely, informative post. Thank you!
    I am contemplating planting one of these next to my patio (sandstone effect porcelain), which has built in red cedar benches and I am concerned about the berries staining the porcelain and benches. Have you noticed berries dropping much from your tree, or do the birds clear them off quickly?


    • Hi Mel, thanks for the support!

      In my garden, the birds absolutely love the berries. They clear them all well before there is any chance of them falling.

  7. Thanks, Keir. After reading this, one is now firmly planted in my garden. I can’t wait … for the buds & white flourish, come April!

  8. Thank you so much for writing this article, it has 100% made my mind up on getting this tree for my garden. I will have a look at paramount plants to see if they have any available.
    Can you remember how many litres your was when purchased ?

    • Hi Nina, glad the article was useful! Sorry, I can’t remember the pot size, but it was pretty big: 18-24in across and 18in deep from memory. I actually think the root ball was unnecessarily large and would recommend buying a bit smaller as I think it would establish quicker. Mine took several years to settle in, I think because the lower roots didn’t like being so deep in my clay soil. My guess is a smaller rootball would have been happier and grown away quicker.

  9. Hi Kier, can this amalanchier be grown in a large planter ?
    I love this tree and have been looking at it for a few years now but I’ve held off getting one as our garden needed a lot of work but now we’ve done the main landscaping so I know what space I have so really want to get it. However being on the side of the Welsh valleys our garden has a few terraces going down and I’d like to place it as the stairs turn going down the garden but we’d not be able to appreciate the multi stems as they’d be below your eye line. Although wondering if I could put it in a raised bottomless planter but not sure if the roots grow down or out . Any advice much appreciated.

    • A bottomless planter should be fine, but it will need to be pretty big. My Amelanchier came in a 2ft diameter x 2ft deep plastic nursery planter. It would have been OK in that for a couple of years, but for permanent planting I reckon you should look for something closer to 1m across. Bottomless planters are the only way to grow large shrubs/trees in pots, so your idea’s a good one. Long term the planter will need to be strong, as it will be very difficult to replace if it cracks or splits one day.

  10. Hi Keir – what a helpful and informative post. I’m also looking for a nice multi-stem amelanchier, the size and shape you have would suit my space perfectly. I’ve bought from Paramount before and the plants have always been great quality. I also love the planting you have, really nice mix of textures and shades of green. In the May 2020 photo, could you tell me the name of the nice round, glossy-leaved plant, the leaves look like little lily pads? I’d like to use it in my scheme when I get round to planting. Thank you!

    • Hi Oliver! Thanks for leaving a comment, I’m glad you found the post helpful. The small round leaf plant you see in the May 2020 is European ginger (Asarum european) – it’s an excellent groundcover plant for shade/part-sun, easy and slowly spreading, self seeding a little, but easy to remove if it oversteps the mark: one of my top ten plants!

  11. I think gardeners and the horticultural sector generally need to wake up a lot more to the problem of invasive species impacting local and regional ecology in natural and semi-natural spaces. What we plant in our gardens has a substantial impact far beyond their boundaries, often as in this case in the form of invasive colonies started from seeds carried far and wide by birds that have consumed the berries.
    A. lamarckii is listed on NOBANIS – the European Network on Invasive Alien Species – as potentially invasive in a number of European countries.


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